From the preceding accounts, it appears that prostitution as a social issue is here to stay. With the advent of globalization, particularly, new forms of prostitution appear to be cropping up and are posing new challenges to moral entrepreneurs, scholars, and policymakers. While the debate about what policies to adopt toward prostitution rages, its harmful effects loom large. Moralists, liberals, and radicals are all agreed, though in varying degrees, that prostitution facilitates the spread of diseases.
II. What Is Prostitution?
III. Prevalence of Prostitution
IV. Brief History of Prostitution
V. Types of Prostitution
VI. Causes of Prostitution
VII. Effects of Prostitution
VIII. Views on How to Deal With Prostitution
IX. Conclusion and Bibliography
This research paper discusses the many issues and nuances related to prostitution and is divided into five sections. In the first section, a definition of prostitution is provided, and acts that are commonly construed as prostitution are listed. At the outset, it must be noted that there is no one accepted definition of prostitution, and the term is fraught with ideological debates. Prostitution has also had different meanings across different time periods and locations, and the understanding of prostitution continually evolves.
The second section provides a brief background of prostitution. The prevalence of this activity is discussed, as well as a brief historical backdrop of it being “the oldest profession.” The section distinguishes among the different types of prostitution in terms of modus operandi (that is, street versus in-house and other forms). This is followed by a brief discussion of more recent trends linking prostitution in the era of globalization with the dynamics of global sex trade, tourism, and the trafficking of humans for sex purposes.
In the third and fourth sections, the causes and effects of prostitution are discussed, respectively. This comprises the bulk of the research paper. Again, it should be noted at the outset that depending upon ideological perspectives (i.e., whether one views prostitution as deviant, as a legitimate form of work, or as a form of violence that ranks among human rights issues), there are competing versions of the prevalence of prostitution and the nature of its effects. It will be noted that differences in how scholars view prostitution will possibly explain the differences and perspectives seen in research findings.
The fifth section discusses competing views on policies and perspectives to address prostitution that have evolved through the years. For most countries and for most of the modern age, prostitution has been seen as a form of deviance, and many countries have had criminal and civil laws against prostitution. However, this dominant view has been challenged, and in a few developed countries, there have been attempts to decriminalize or legalize prostitution. This will be elaborated more thoroughly in this section. The paper concludes by evaluating the efficacy of some current policies used to alleviate or moderate the potential harmful effects of prostitution, such as the spread of diseases.
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The 21st century has seen many changes in the worldviews of the global community. Different bodies campaign for the rights of people indulging in practices that the global society has seen as taboos for the last twenty centuries. These include the rights of same sex marriages, human cloning, physician-assisted suicide, abortion, and prostitution. This is because the society realizes that each individual has a right to choose his or her lifestyle in a democratic world. The legalization of prostitution raises a lot of controversy in the world today. Prostitution is an old practice in most countries, but few countries have legalized the practice to date. This paper discusses the controversy surrounding prostitution legalization, and supports the stand against prostitution legalization.
Prostitution involves commercial sex, where individuals make a living by having sex with different partners. This is an immoral act, which goes against the ethics of several religions and cultures. Legalizing prostitution will be legalizing promiscuity, which destroys many families and brings about social instability. This is because it threatens the marriage institution since most clients are married men. This will degrade the societyâs morals, exposing children to immoral practices from a young age. Legalizing prostitution can also lead to the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. The government spends a lot of money to curb the sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDs epidemic. This happens even when prostitution is illegal. Most individuals ignore the use of protection when having sex with prostitutes. These prostitutes have multiple sex partners and thus they can act as a good route of transmission for these diseases. Legalizing prostitution can also increase the instances of human trafficking. This is because owners of prostitution agencies may run out of willing prostitutes and thus force young men and women into this practice. Other young people may choose this profession because of hard economic situations. Thus, prostitution is not always a free choice for all the people involved.
Proponents of prostitution argue that prostitution is good way of increasing the governmentâs revenue. Thus, legalizing prostitution would create employment opportunities, and increase tax returns for the government. The proponents also believe that prostitution is should be legal since it is a harmless act. Legalizing the practice would help the government control the spread of sexually transmitted diseases and underage sex workers through reverse psychology. In this case, making the act of prostitution legal would increase the number of women willing to work, improve the conditions under which they practice, and reduce the number of men willing to seek their services. On the other hand, the government has several alternatives for creating job opportunities for its citizens without undermining the morals of the society. Embracing these alternatives will help the government raise its taxes without sacrificing the decency of its citizens. Prostitution is harmful since it affects the families of those involved. It also exposes them to several health risks and this makes it harmful. Further, if reverse psychology principles were a good alternative, then so many people would not be still eating junk food at McDonalds. This implies that making prostitution readily accessible and available may not reduce the art of the practice. Concisely, prostitution degrades the morals of the society by making women mere sex objects and increasing the rate of STD transmission. Thus, this practice should not be legalized.